Founded in 1956, Sun Yat-sen's Former Residence Memorial Hall is now a national first-level museum, a national patriotic education demonstration base, and a national clean government education base.
Sun Yat-sen’s Former Residence Memorial Hall focuses on the protection of the former national key cultural relics protection unit, Sun Yat-sen’s former residence, and manages the Chinese historical and cultural villages – Cuiheng Village, Guangdong’s cultural relics protection unit Yang Yin’s former residence and Lu Yidong’s former residence, and more than 20 surrounding Cuiheng Village. Cultural relics protection unit.
Opened to the public including Sun Yat-sen Memorial Exhibition Area, Cuiheng Residential Exhibition Area, Agricultural Culture Exhibition Area, Intangible Cultural Heritage Exhibition Area, Xinhai Revolution Memorial Park and Yang Yin Lu Yidong Memorial Exhibition Area, etc., forming "Sun Yat-sen and its growth" The social environment is a display system that combines material and cultural heritage with the theme of historical commemoration and folklore.
Address: No. 93, Cuiheng Avenue, Nanlang Town, Zhongshan CityTel: 0760-28158366, 0760-87927333Official website: http://www.sunyat-sen.org/Opening hours: 9:00-17:00, stop admission after 16:30.Tickets: FreeTourism season: Spring and Autumn are the best season to travel to Zhongshan.Recommended time to play: 2 hours - 3 hours
The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is located on the northwest side of Sun Yat-sen's former residence. It was formerly the Sun Yat-Sen Former Residence Gallery. It was rebuilt in 1996 and was opened on November 12, 1999 and opened to the audience. The building covers an area of 6,000 square meters and consists of an exhibition hall, a comprehensive lecture hall, a VIP reception hall, a warehouse, and a business office area. The pavilion has fully considered its influence on the environment of Sun Yat-sen's former residence, and strives to coordinate with the overall environment of Cuiheng Village. It is a perfect combination of modern design concepts and traditional connotations, creating an elegant and highly modern level for the audience. The visit space with rich cultural heritage is the largest and modern level of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in China.The exhibition hall on the first floor of the exhibition hall covers an area of about 1,000 square meters and is equipped with the h
Sun Yat-sen was born here on the north side of the former courtyard of Sun Yat-sen’s former residence, a house about 4 meters wide and 8 meters long. After the completion of the former residence of Sun Yat-sen in 1892, the house was converted into a kitchen and a well was dug. After the extension of the kitchen in 1913, the house was demolished.The main building of Sun Yat-sen’s former residence was Sun Yat-sen’s eldest brother Sun Mei who came back from Honolulu in 1892 and was designed and hosted by Sun Yat-sen.Sitting eastThe former residence of Sun Yat-sen is a two-storey building with three brick and wood structures.Because Cuiheng Village is surrounded by mountains on three sides and facing the sea in the east, Cuiheng residences are generally sitting west to the east. The sea breeze blows in from the east and the villagers' lives are more comfortable. The former residence of Sun Yat-sen is opposite to that of other dwellings.Outer oceanThe former residence of Sun Yat-sen has
The caution clock is 1.2 meters in diameter, 2 meters high and weighs 1.5 tons. His handwriting is engraved on the front, "Together with Datong", and the back is engraved with Sun Yat-sen's 1924 "Encourage the Nationals" speech.
"Working together" - a bronze statue of Sun Yat-sen and Soong Ching Ling, located in the Cuiheng Garden of the office area. Created by the famous sculptor Professor Liao Huilan, it symbolizes that Sun Yat-sen and Soong Ching Ling work hand in hand, "sincerely and sympathetically, love and have a life together", for China Democracy, independence, and prosperity are struggling.
The sour tree, also known as the sour bean tree, is located on the south side of the former courtyard of the former residence of Sun Yat-sen. It is said that in 1883, Sun Yat-sen brought back tree species from Honolulu and planted them here. Around 1931, the tree was blown down by the typhoon, still growing stubbornly, with lush foliage and lush greenery. On March 8, 1962, when Mr. Guo Moruo visited this place, he left the poem "Sweet Beans and a Wolong" to describe the peculiar form of this tree.
The barber shop, commonly known as the "shaving head shop", displays traditional barber tools such as barber chairs, makeup mirrors, hair clippers, flat cuts, shaving knives, preparation knives, brushes, ear spoons, and copper washbasins.
This is the furnishings of the local middle-class people. This house is a neighbor with Sun Yat-sen's family. The original homeowner made a living by selling tofu, known as the "tofu show." According to legend, the two sons of this family often bullied the young Sun Yat-sen. Once, Sun Yat-sen couldn’t bear it. When his family did not pay attention, he used stones to make their homes a tofu pot. Sun Yat-sen, who had a rebellious spirit from an early age, also got a nickname: "Stone Aberdeen."
Cuiheng Village has a history of more than 500 years and has rich folk customs. Through the simulation of scenes and objects, the Cuiheng Folklore Exhibition introduces the folk customs of Cuiheng Village in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, including the special foods of the four seasons, the statues of the Northern Emperor, the weaving embroidered Heyi, the “Nine Great Skulls”, He Shou and the marriage. New houses, sedan chairs, etc.
The former residence of Chen Xinghan is located on the west side of the former residence of Sun Yat-sen. Chen Xinghan (1876 ~ 1970), Sun Yat-sen, a member of Xingzhong, had appointed him to manage the affairs of the Yue-Han Railway - serving as the director of the Guangjiu and Guangsan Railways. In the former residence, there are photos of Sun Yat-sen and Chen Xinghan, and the letter of appointment given to him by Sun Yat-sen.
Carpenter workshops show a large number of common carpenter tools, such as axes, planes, scorpions, ink fountains, rulers, etc., through these old Zhongshan industry to recall memories.
This was originally a piece of cultivated land outside Cuiheng Village, and the name of the land was “Longtian”. Two of the six acres were rented by Sun Yat-sen's father. Sun Yat-sen, a childhood, also participated in agricultural labor here. The hardships of childhood labor triggered Sun Yat-sen to explore the idea of "cultivators have their fields".
“Longyuan” – a modern soilless culture greenhouse, by displaying modern soilless cultivation techniques and new varieties of crops, allows viewers to compare with traditional outdoor farming, thus enriching the understanding of modern agricultural development. Soilless culture is a technology that adjusts and controls different nutrients (including a large number of elements and trace elements), temperature, humidity and luminosity required by different growth stages of plants, so that cultivated plants are in an optimal growing environment. The emergence of soilless cultivation techniques has enabled humans to acquire the ability to precisely control all environmental conditions of crop growth, including inorganic nutrient conditions, so that agricultural production may completely escape the constraints of natural conditions, in full accordance with human desires. Development towards automation, mechanization and factory production.
“Laos” is a relatively simple residential area in the country. It is made of materials such as mud, straw and bamboo, reflecting the living conditions of poor people in the past. In addition, some places used in the past are often built by this method.
In order to protect the history and natural environment of the village, the museum controls this paddy field and maintains the original appearance and still grows rice. The double-season rice is planted locally. The early rice is usually transplanted during the “Qingming” period, and it can be harvested before and after the “small summer” in July. When the early rice is harvested, it is necessary to irrigate the paddy fields. Before the autumn, the seedlings of the late rice are inserted. The local farmers have a proverb: "When the spring fights for the summer, it is necessary to insert the fields before and after the autumn." By the end of November, "the winter", the late rice began to mature, and there was a saying in the local area that "the winter is on the third day."
Yang Weixue (1916~1944), Cuiheng Village, anti-Japanese martyrs. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, Yang Weixue used the kitchen at home to print the "Yangmen" and "Anti-Japanese War" publications for the CPC Zhongshan County Committee and the Volunteer Brigade, making important contributions to the anti-Japanese revolutionary propaganda.
The former residence of the anti-Japanese martyrs Yang Rizhen and Yang Rizhen, the "revolutionary mother" Tan Xing also lived here for a long time.Yang Rizhen (1918~1942), a native of Cuiheng Village, served as the squadron leader of the Wuguishan Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Brigade during the Anti-Japanese War. He was the deputy officer and deputy captain of the "Tongsan" Liang Boxiong Group, and the anti-Japanese guerrillas directly led by the Nanshun Zhongshun Center Committee. A main squadron squadron leader. In May 1942, he died in a battle against the floating market. Yang Rizhen (1919~1944), Yang Riqi’s younger brother was the squadron leader of the first main squadron of the anti-Japanese guerrillas led by the Nanfan Zhongshun guerrilla zone command, and participated in the battle against the Japanese and puppet troops. On April 15, 1944, when attacking the 15th Squadron of the Zhangxi Puppet Sanctuary, he took on the task of attacking the enemy camp and sacrificed in the fierce ba
Yang Heling (1868 - 1934), Cuiheng Village. When he was young, he and Sun Yat-sen, Chen Shaobai, Yu Lie and other "high talk about rebellion and fullness" and other remarks, known as "four big shackles." The revolutionary movement led by Sun Yat-sen has contributed materially and in action. The "Yang Heling Memorial Exhibition" is arranged here.
Feng's Ancestral Hall is located in Cuiheng Village, Nanlang Town. It was built in the Qing Dynasty and covers an area of 118 square meters. It is a three-storey two-roof layout with brick and wood structure. Feng’s Ancestral Hall was originally a family ancestral hall of Feng’s family in Cuiheng Village. It was used as a village in Cuiheng Village in the late Qing Dynasty. It mainly recruits children from the village to study the four books and five classics and conduct enlightenment education. From 1875 to 1878, Sun Yat-sen studied here and became a good friend with Lu Jidong and other students. He also opposed the teaching methods that the sergeant only asked the students to memorize without explaining the meaning of the book, leaving a lot of anecdotes. Sun Yat-sen’s former residence memorial hall has carried out protective maintenance on the raft.In November 2000, Feng's Ancestral Hall was listed as a cultural relics protection unit in Zhongshan City.
Former residence of Chen Xinghan, located on the right side of the former residence of Sun Yat-sen, sitting west to the east. Chen Xinghan (1876-?), member of the China Alliance, former secretary of the Provisional Grand Presidential Office of the Republic of China, Secretary of the General Secretary of the Department of Land and Resources, General Secretary of the Department of Justice, Luhan and Han Dynasty, and the Finance Committee of the Grand Marshal House.
During the golden autumn, tourists can go to Xiaolan Town to visit the chrysanthemum exhibition. Every time when chrysanthemums bloom, it is full of golden flowers and fragrance, and local families displayed a variety of chrysanthemums for comparison, which was called "Chrysanthemum Test" and later developed into a chrysanthemum exhibition. Xiaolan Chrysanthemum Exhibition has become a traditional and comprehensive chrysanthemum exhibition themed as chrysanthemums. In addition, tourists can also enjoy delicious foods such as chrysanthemum meat, chrysanthemum fish balls, and chrysanthemum wine, etc.
On May 6 (Chinese Lunar Calendar), tourists can go to Nanlang Town to visit the cruise of Yakou Piao-se, a fusion of opera, acrobatics and decorative arts according to folktales. It is a glorious scene with colorful parade groups in combination with fine embroidery embroidered with awake lions, kylins, and golden dragons. In December 2003, the Yakou Piao-se won the title of “Home of Guangdong Folk Art”.
We strongly recommend you to come to Changzhou for appreciating Changzhou Drunk Dragon Dancing on the Buddha's Birthday Festival on April 8 (Chinese Lunar Calendar), which is a unique local folk art of Zhongshan and combines Southern Fist, Drunk Fist as well as acrobatics, thus highlighting the form of wood dragon dance after drunkenness. The "drunk dragon" is full of wit and humor by performing in various postures such as rolling over and standing on one leg. In recent years, the Drunk Dragon Dancing has performed wonderfully in important events such as the Guangzhou Asian Games and Shanghai World Expo. Meanwhile, it has also toured Sydney, Australia for celebrating the Spring Festival with ethnic Chinese, enjoying great popularity.
In the past, Zhongshan faced the sea, and people who floated their homes continued to come from all directions to the alluvial plains along the coast of the Pearl River Estuary. People called them "family." The salt water song of Zhongshan is sung in the language of the family, and has been passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. Zhongshan Salt Water Song is divided into long and short sentences, salt water songs, high church songs, big Yangge songs, and aunt songs. Zhongshan Salt Water Song has a wide influence. Among them, Tan Fu’s famous folk singer He Fuyou also went to Beijing to sing salt water songs in the 1950s and was received by Premier Zhou Enlai. In 2005, Zhongshan Salt Water Song was included in the first list of national intangible cultural heritage protection.
Lu Yidong's former residence is located in Cuiheng Village, Nanlang Town. It was built in the late Qing Dynasty and sits west to the east. It covers an area of 446 square meters and has a construction area of 215 square meters. It is a typical “three two-column” brick and wood structure. The building style is simple, there are colorful paintings under the eaves, and the wooden couplets of "Two Dragons, Two Sisters" are hung in front of the door. The Lu Yidong Martyrs Memorial Exhibition is now arranged indoors. There is a courtyard in front of the former residence, planted with Lingnan flowers and trees. Lu Yidong (1867 ~ 1895), a martyr who was hailed by Mr. Sun Yat-sen as "the first person who has been a victim of the Republican revolution in history," lived and lived here. In June 1989, it was announced as a key cultural relics protection unit in Guangdong Province.
Former residence of Yang Yin is located in Cuiheng Village, Nanlang Town, also known as “Hanxiangtang”. It was built in the Xianfeng Period of the Qing Dynasty with a building area of 244 square meters. The former residence of the early revolutionary leader of the Communist Party of China, the famous labor movement leader Yang Yin Martyrs. The former residence of Yang Yin is a typical “three-and-two-lane” brick-and-wood structure in the local area. There are three halls in the hall and two two-storey halls. The bedrooms on both sides are divided into upper and lower floors, and the kitchen and food processing room are built on the right. Granite slab wall, green brick wall, hard mountain top, exquisite wood carving fascia in front of the eaves, western-style teak shutters, beautifully decorated with Lingnan characteristic fruit lychee, bergamot, carambola, etc. Plastic decoration. The main hall is equipped with a full set of rosewood armchairs in the Qing Dynasty. The wood carvings of
In order to further promote the revolutionary spirit of the martyrs, we will provide a long-term education for the party members and encourage the party members to maintain their advanced nature. On the morning of June 28, 2007, the Party Member Education Base of Guangdong Province and the Party Member Education Base of Zhongshan City were unveiled at the Memorial Hall of Sun Yat-sen's Former Residence. The Party Member Education Base of Guangdong Province and the Party Member Education Base of Zhongshan City are mainly composed of the former revolutionary leaders of the Communist Party of China and the former residence of famous labor movement Yang Yin, and have a party member education exhibition hall. Through the exhibition and TV series, the Communist Party of China in Guangdong during the period of the democratic revolution The activities of Zhongshan show that under the leadership of the party, the Zhongshan people carry out the great practice of revolution and constru