Intangible cultural heritage is a nation's ancient life memory and living cultural genes, reflecting the wisdom and spirit of a nation. In the land of Zhongshan, a land of outstanding people, there is a rich intangible cultural heritage. In order to pass on the precious spiritual wealth of the ancestors, in recent years, with the cooperation of all walks of life, the cultural department of Zhongshan City is in the towns of the city. Conducted a census and excavation of carpet-type intangible cultural heritage, and carried out in-depth excavation of more than 300 intangible cultural heritage projects with a long history and deep hidden in folk folk music, folk dances, folk customs, etc. It is stipulated that detailed records of these projects have been recorded and reported for protection. Among them, Zhongshan Salt Water Song, Xiaolan Chrysanthemum Club, Nanlang Yakou Color, Drunken Dragon Dance, and Juxiangyuan Almond Cake traditional production techniques are precious. The intangible cultural heritage of cultural values and heritage values has been included in the national or provincial-level protection list. These precious intangible cultural heritages have become a cultural brand in Zhongshan. Through these intangible cultural heritages with unique cultural values, people have learned about the historical and cultural development of Zhongshan, the most happy city, and solved the genetic code of the harmonious development of Zhongshan society.
Hege is a folk song popularized from Shentangting Village in Shaxi Town, Zhongshan City, which has developed from a school song to a folk song. It is a verbal culture widely sung by Shen Mingting Village. It is a fusion of Guangzhou dialect, Shijie dialect and Yi language. All the words are sung in one, the lyrics are based on historical themes, people's daily work, life, and celebrations. Usually perform with the crane dance. In 2007, Hege was listed in the first batch of Zhongshan Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection List.
Pottery tile ridge, also known as "doll ridge", "Shiwan flower ridge", is a high relief ceramic art decoration on the roof of traditional buildings. The shape of the pottery tile ridge is exquisite and the glaze is simple and simple. It is a wonderful work in Lingnan architectural decoration art and is very popular among the people. The pottery-plastic tile ridges were produced as early as the late Tang Dynasty. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, with the development of the social economy in the Pearl River Delta region, the Shiwan pottery-plastic skills became more and more mature. The local scholar-officials built a large number of ancestral halls, temples, courtyards, and halls. Such as the building, the ceramic tile ridge has also risen rapidly, and gradually become the most popular and representative architectural decoration art in Guangdong and even Lingnan. The content of the tile ridge also reflects the social customs and aesthetic tastes at that time. It mainly focuses on myths a
The single-person farmer's boat in Kuisha (commonly known as "Taipei Boat") was born in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. It was the local people of Fusha Town in Zhongshan City who had studied the ancient Chinese traditional dragon boat culture, according to their own labor and life skills. A traditional sporting event with the theme of celebrating a festival or event.
Dongxiang is the location of today's Zhongshan Torch Development Zone. In history, most of the villagers lived on farming and fishing. In the east of Zhongshan City, Dongxiang (now Torch Zone), there are an old-fashioned villages such as Shantou, Shantou, Baimiao, Yuanshan, Qiwan, Tuxiang, Tunxi, Daling, Linggang and Zhangjiabian. Folk songs - Dongxiang folk songs. Dongxiang folk songs are folk songs created by the villagers here in long-term labor and life practice. They are common in villagers working in the fields or fishing on the sea, men and women confiding feelings, women marrying and dowry, crying when the old man died, and expressing local customs. Impromptu singing. It has the characteristics of harmony of phonology and rich words, and it has a strong Lingnan culture.
Tanzhou is the birthplace of Zhongshan folk songs. In the 1950s and 1960s, the salt water song of Zhongshan was once flourishing. During the Cultural Revolution, the salt water song was banned. The ten-year fault has had a great impact on the salt water song of Tanzhou. The 70-year-old man may still have a memory, and the 50-year-old can only sing a little. point. As time goes by, a generation of famous singers, such as the famous national and provincial singers since the 1950s, have been the singers of the salt water singer, He Fuyou, Liang Rongsheng, Chen Shi, etc., and now the existing can be systematically There are no more than 10 people singing the salt water songs, and they have been high for many years.
Liufang Yunlong Dance is a traditional dragon dance that has been circulated in Liufang Village, Guzhen Town, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, with a history of more than 300 years.
Shaxi Herbal Tea was born in the Longdu area of Shaxi Town, Zhongshan City. It was initiated by the local carrier Huang Hui to collect folk medicines. It has been created for more than 120 years since the 11th year of the Qing Dynasty (1885).
On May 6 (Chinese Lunar Calendar), tourists can go to Nanlang Town to visit the cruise of Yakou Piao-se, a fusion of opera, acrobatics and decorative arts according to folktales. It is a glorious scene with colorful parade groups in combination with fine embroidery embroidered with awake lions, kylins, and golden dragons. In December 2003, the Yakou Piao-se won the title of “Home of Guangdong Folk Art”.
Drunken Dragon is a unique dance of ancient Zhongshan people. Originated from the Song Dynasty, it was in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The activity time is a parade after the annual Lunar August 8th Buddha Festival. The early dance drunk dragons did not have music accompaniment, only shouting, followed by lion dance drums, with "San Francisco drums" as the main. The dance content includes: worshipping, inserting golden flowers, please dragon, three worship nine, drinking, dancing dragons, drinking wine, parade. The original dancer drunk dragon is a free dance leader and dragon tail in the process of worshipping, called the dragon, and later developed into a folk dance. In the dance, the dragon dancers are slightly awake, and those who hold the wine cellar are strongly irrigated, so that the dragon dancers must be drunk.
Located in the middle of the Pearl River Delta, Xiaolan Town is a major town in Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province. Xiaolan has the reputation of "Jicheng". The chrysanthemum culture runs through the history of Xiaolan. From the beginning, there were folk organizations such as "Chrysanthemum Trial" and "Juju", which gradually evolved into a "Yellow Flower Club" every 10 years. In the Jiaqing Year of Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty (1814), 10 Chrysanthemums jointly organized a large-scale chrysanthemum event, and met with the pilgrimage of the ancestors when they settled in Xiaolan (a 60-year session).
Dongfeng is located in the water network area of the Pearl River Delta. The river is intertwined and suitable for various water activities. The rowing boat is a water sports sport that Dongfeng people like to see and hear. It has a history of more than 100 years. At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the water sports activities of rowing were mostly held before or after the harvest of farming or early and late rice. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, with the entertainment and competitive nature of the rowing, the players from all over the world have come to compete for the championship, and the rowing activities have become a grand event for folk entertainment.
Since ancient times, Zhongshan has had the custom of turning on lights, hanging lights, singing light songs and lighting lights after the Spring Festival. According to the "Xiangshan County" published by Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty, "The beginning of the spring, there is a counter-hook, the manure, the cow, the competition, the rice, the one-year-old rash, the first day, the fire, the firecracker, the ban, the eve, the lantern, the riddle, the reward ". In the Qing Dynasty, the "Xiangshan County" published in the Tongzhi Period of the Qing Dynasty also recorded the text of the Lantern Festival: "The lanterns of the first month of the Lantern Festival are hanged with lanterns, and the lights are also chandeliers."
The beginning of the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China was the heyday of the development of Xiaolan embroidery. After entering the early Qing Dynasty, Xiaolan embroidery, which is a branch of Yue embroidery, began to form its own style and characteristics. Ordinary embroidery colors are nothing more than dozens of colors, and Xiaolan embroidery's thorn line color classification method is in seven colors of red orange yellow green blue blue purple, each color is divided into seven or eight cross colors, such as yellow It is dark yellow, pinkish yellow, tender yellow, etc., and one of these colors is divided into seven or eight kinds from shallow to deep, so the color can be as many as four or five hundred. According to the Xiaolan Town Office, in October 1915, Sun Yat-sen and Soong Ching Ling married in Japan. At that time, Sun Yat-sen’s mother, Mrs. Yang Tai, could not witness in person, but still according to the custom of Zhongshan at that time, the most famous Lanxi Embroidery i
The Hakka people in the Wuguishan area have migrated from the Central Plains to the mountains of Zhongshan since ancient times. The Baikoulian Mountain Song is a verbal cultural expression that the Hakka people entertain and sing. It is mainly composed of salt water songs and sings with Hakka vernacular. It is a combination of Hakka culture and Yijia culture. The improvisation of singing is very strong. The theme is to talk about love, production life, and touching scenery. It is an important element of Lingnan music, such as tea picking, sighing, singing, singing, and jingle. In 2007, Baikoulian Mountain Song was included in the second batch of Guangdong Province Intangible Cultural Heritage List.